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環境用藥4問──用藥安全(Handle With Care: Tips for Using Household Pesticides)

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環境用藥4問
環境用藥4問

 

 

 

環境用藥4問──用藥安全

環境衛生用藥難避免  提升你我知識有保障

不管日曆上日期為何,亞洲部分地區的天氣通常不會在秋季月分就馬上變涼爽。溫暖潮溼令人倍感不適,因為這種天氣會引出一些不受歡迎的生物,像是蚊子、蟑螂以及其他昆蟲──更糟糕的是,甚至會孳生細菌和黴菌。居家殺蟲劑之類的環境衛生用藥可以用來防治這些害蟲,不過,儘管環境用藥確實有效,卻可能具有潛在有害的副作用。那麼,應該如何妥善使用化學製劑?

使用環境衛生用藥時,務必問自己四個問題。

對「什麼」症?

你想消除哪種害蟲或問題?直到你確定要遏止或消除的惱人難題為何時,才有辦法選擇出合適的藥劑。另外在選購藥劑之前,務必閱讀標示上防治的標的害蟲或其他環境衛生問題。

經「誰」審核?

誰核准了這種化學藥劑的使用?行政院環境保護署審查核准環境衛生用藥,每種化學製品的外包裝上均應印有登記許可證字號。為確保你使用的是環保署所核准的藥劑,請務必查找該字號。

「何時」到期?

化學藥劑的使用期限到什麼時候?你不會吃久放不新鮮的食物或是服用效期已過的藥品,因此千萬不要使用已經過期的環境衛生用藥。居家殺蟲劑會隨著時間進行分解,其中的化學成分可能會發生變化,繼而使得化學藥劑失效或造成使用上的危險。 

「哪裡」使用?

哪裡是使用該產品的安全範圍?在設定區域內使用化學製品非常重要;使用室內用藥劑時,應該盡可能讓人和寵物到室外去。此外,使用室內用藥劑期間或使用之後,應該打開門窗讓房間保持適度通風。環保署也建議大家避免在食物或餐具附近使用任何化學藥劑。

新的環境衛生用藥上市之前,環保署會審慎進行檢核,以確保流入市面的藥劑不含任何高毒成分。環保署力求批准的所有化學藥劑皆符合安全標準,但是若能完全避免使用化學藥劑還是最好。

避免使用特定種類化學製劑所衍生而出的潛在風險。維護居家清潔、乾燥、緊閉,就不會打從一開始便引出害人蚊蟲或是提供適合黴菌生長的環境。

 

Handle With Care: Tips for Using Household Pesticides

by Hannah Weaver


Certain chemicals can solve warm-weather problems – but how do you use them responsibly?

Regardless of the date on the calendar, the weather in parts of Asia typically doesn’t turn cool and crisp right away in the autumn months. The warmth and humidity are doubly unpleasant because the combination draws out some unwanted creatures such as mosquitoes, cockroaches and other insects – and even worse, bacteria and mold. Household pesticides can deal with these pests, but helpful as they are, they may have potentially harmful side effects. So how should these chemicals be handled?
  When you’re using these environmental chemicals, it is essential to ask yourself four questions.

What?

  What sort of pests or problems would you like to eliminate? Not until you identify the nuisance you are attempting to contain or get rid of will you be able to choose the appropriate agent. Then be sure to read the label which shows which pests or problems an agent targets before purchasing the product.

Who?

  Who has approved this chemical for use? The Environmental Protection Administration (EPA) approves household pesticides, each of which should have a registration permit number printed on its packaging. To ensure that you are using an EPA-approved agent, look for that number.

When?

  When should a chemical be used by? You wouldn’t eat old food or take outdated medicine, so don’t use a household pesticide that has passed its expiration date. Household pesticides break down over time, and their chemical composition may change, making them either ineffective or dangerous to use.

Where?

  Where is it safe to use this product? It is important to use the chemicals in the areas they are designed for. When you are using an indoor agent, people and pets should be kept outdoors if possible. Additionally, the room should be properly ventilated with open windows or doors during and after use. The EPA also recommends that you avoid applying any chemical near food or eating utensils.

  Before new household pesticides hit stores, the EPA carefully reviews them to make sure they don’t have any highly toxic ingredients. Safe as the EPA strives to make all the chemicals they approve, it’s preferable to not have to use them at all.

  Avoid the potential risk that comes from using these kinds of chemicals. Keep your home clean, dry and well-sealed so that you don’t lure pests or provide a welcoming environment for mold in the first place.

 

環境用藥4問- 空中英語雜誌

環境用藥4問- 空中英語雜誌

環境用藥4問- 空中英語雜誌

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  • 資料發布日期:110-11-19
  • 資料更新日期:110-11-29
  • 資料檢視日期:111-06-24
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