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氟化物空氣污染物對環境影響政策研析計畫
The Environmental Impact Policy Analysis of Fluoride Air Pollutant Project.

  • 發布單位:毒物及化學物質局
氟化物空氣污染物對環境影響政策研析計畫
專案計畫編號TCSB-107-EM03-02-E014
經費年度2018
計畫經費 千元
專案日期2018-10-25 ~ 2018-12-31
專案主持人張艮輝
主辦單位毒物及化學物質局
承辦人潘郁采
執行單位國立雲林科技大學
專案分類毒物管理
中文關鍵字氟化物、公害糾紛、農作物
英文關鍵字Fluoride, Public nuisance disputes, Crop
協同主持人陳錦煌
共同主持人
計畫聯絡人陳昱均
中文摘要

本計畫主要目的為蒐集彙整及分析空氣污染物氟化物之管制策略及公害糾紛案例,以研析空氣污染物氟化物對生態、人體健康、環保標準及土地規劃使用等管理建議。根據本計畫已完成之相關文獻蒐集彙整及分析可知,近年氟化物空氣污染物相關公害糾紛案件數量及求償人數皆有逐漸增加之趨勢。於空氣污染物氟化物對植物影響方面,氟化物主要累積於植物葉部,當超過危害臨界濃度後使葉片尖端或葉緣出現受害特徵,如緣枯病。但植物體內氟化物轉移至果實之含量低,故不影響食用安全。在研擬未來管理建議部分,本計畫透過空氣品質模式模擬的方式,模擬排放氟化物之廠商對鄰近地區之影響,以界定氟化物長期排放對植(作)物之影響範圍,此結果亦可作為日後環保署公害糾紛裁決委員會之裁決參考。此外本計畫亦研析氟化物空氣污染排放標準之規範歷程,及針對公害糾紛案例因應作為,提出管制建議,如建議地方政府與廠商進行長期監測等管理措施,以及建議排放氟化物之廠商與地方政府、工廠周圍農民簽訂協定。另一方面則針對受氟化物污染之植(作)物,探討調整之可行性,如建議農委會輔導轉作等調整方法。最後則討論國土使用規劃之相關問題,並提出可能之解決方案,如遷廠至非鄰近農地之工業區等土地使用方案。

英文摘要

The main purpose of this project is to propose the management suggestions of fluoride air pollutant for ecology, human health, environmental protection standard, and land use planning by collecting and analyzing the control strategies and the related public nuisance disputes of fluoride air pollutant. According to the finished collecting and analyzing of references, the number of public nuisance disputes and the number of claim people of fluoride-emitting factories are increasing in recent years. As for the main impact of fluoride air pollutant on vegetation is in leaf, which will manifest the symptoms of marginal scorch if the concentration of fluoride exceeds the critical concentration. However, the concentration of fluoride which will transfer to fruit is low. Therefore, the food safety problem of fruit is not the main issue of this project. For proposing the management suggestions of fluoride air pollutant, this project simulated concentration distribution of fluoride air pollutant which is emitted by fluoride-emitting factories by air quality modeling. The simulation result can be used to define the area of vegetation which was influenced by long term emission of fluoride air pollutant. Furthermore, the defined area can be the arbitration reference of the Committee for Public Nuisance Arbitration. In addition, the legislation history of the fluoride air pollutant emission standard was analyzed, and the management suggestion was proposed as well in this project according to the past public nuisance disputes. On the other hand, the feasibility of change crop was studied to prevent public nuisance disputes happening. Finally, the possible solution of land use planning problem was also suggested after above discussion.

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  • 資料發布日期:108-05-03
  • 資料更新日期:108-05-03
  • 資料檢視日期:111-08-12
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