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綠色化學應用於毒性化學物質源頭管理及溝通
Implementation of Green Chemistry Principles on Toxic Chemical Substances Management and Communication

  • 發布單位:毒物及化學物質局
綠色化學應用於毒性化學物質源頭管理及溝通
專案計畫編號
經費年度2019
計畫經費 千元
專案日期2019-05-17 ~ 2019-12-15
專案主持人蔣本基
主辦單位毒物及化學物質局
承辦人蕭寶桂
執行單位國立臺灣大學環境工程學研究所
專案分類毒物管理
中文關鍵字綠色化學原則、毒性化學物質管理、安全替代
英文關鍵字Green Chemistry Principles, Toxic Chemical Sustances Management, Safer Alternatives
協同主持人潘述元
共同主持人
計畫聯絡人蔣本基
中文摘要

本計畫從聯合國永續發展目標之目標與策略進行評析,配合聯合國商業與永續發展委員會所提「更好的商業,更好的世界」,列出與綠色化學12項原則相關之重點產業,從國際上毒性化學物質管理推動現況與法制作業,研析並彙整美國、歐盟、加拿大、德國、日本、韓國、中國等國家,包含毒性化學物質申報與管理體系、法源依據、以及管制框架等資訊;評析國際上推動替代化學品之評估作法,以及提供化學品安全替代評估體系,提出安全化學品替代評估準則。同時參酌國際毒性化學評估工具,研提我國列管毒性化學物質安全替代作法及清單之評估流程,並參考國外評估案例,提出優先推動綠色化學及安全替代初步名單,包含:二甲基甲醯胺、苯、鄰苯二甲酸二酯、1,3-丁二烯、乙腈、二氟二氯甲烷、四氯乙烯、壬基酚聚氧乙烯醚、二氯甲烷、鄰苯二甲酸酯、四溴雙酚A、六溴環十二烷等。計畫執行期間邀集國內關於綠色化學與化學品管理等相關專家學者與產業代表,於7月11日辦理第一場專家諮詢會,徵詢毒性化學物質管理相關意見;並於8月22日派員出席2019臺灣化學產業高峰會議,分別針對「綠色化學新科技永續發展新願景」、「最佳實踐」 (Best Practices) 與「技術成就」 (Technology Achievement) 等主題進行相關資訊彙整。於10月1日至2日協助中鼎教育基金會辦理「循環經濟綜合與創新解決方案國際研討會」,邀請國內外致力於循環經濟領域議題的專家學者,解析國際發展趨勢,提供國內產官學研各界新方案與觀念的交流,加強產官學研各界對循環經濟的重視,並以治理與導向、永續金融、永續製程、商業模式四大主題進行討論。另於11月27日辦理綠色化學與毒化物管理產業座談會,相關重點結論包含建立政府與產業界鏈結,以深化毒化物減量與管理的政策推廣。本計畫依據上述相關國內外資訊蒐研以及相關會議辦理所蒐集的建議,歸納計畫執行結論包含: (1) 蒐研國際先進國家針對毒性化學物質管理推動現況,包含毒性化學物質申報與管理體系、法源依據、以及管制框架等,評析國際上推動替代化學品之評估作法; (2) 蒐研國際上綠色化學諮詢平臺資訊以及毒化物評估工具與方法,透過彙整國際上相關諮詢,進而提出安全化學品替代評估準則,提出優先推動綠色化學及安全替代初步名單; (3)研擬國內優先推動替代化學品之流程與建議清單,研擬國內優先推動替代化學品,以及對於替代化學品進行全面性的評估之流程。

英文摘要

The study first evaluates the strategies of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and the report of the United Nations Business and Sustainable Development Committee in 2017, “Better Business, Better World”. Connecting with Green Chemistry 12 key principles of chemical industry, the international toxic chemical management sould be promoted to the safer and environmental friendly chemicals. The development of chemical management and toxic chemical substances including integrated management system, regulation, and framework in the United States, the European Union, Canada, Germany, Japan, South Korea, and China were revied. Several chemical safety alternative assessment systema around the world were also procided. The safety chemical substitution assessment criteria was proposed to evaluate safer chemical alternatives, including five cases of chemical substitution assessment cases in the academia area and three cases in the industry. In addition, to improve the promotion of toxic chemical alternatives, we also invited related experts from government, industries and academy to hold Ad Hoc committees on 11th July. The future works are (i) to finish the list of safer chemical alternatives (at least 10 chemicals), (ii) to organize a second Ad Hoc committee for integrated chemical management, and (iii) to conduct the educational materials of safer chemical alternatives and Green Chemistry principles for the industry. And on August 22, the project team attended 2019 Taiwan Chemical Industry Summit, focusing on "New Vision for New Sustainable Development of Green Chemistry Technology". The main theme were "Best Practices" and "Technical Achievement". From October 1st to 2nd, project team assisted in handling the "International Symposium on Comprehensive and Innovative Solutions for Circular Economy", invited experts and scholars working on issues in the field of circular economy at home and abroad, analyzed international development trends, and provided new solutions for domestic industry, government, academic research Exchange with ideas, strengthen the attention of all sectors of the industry, government, academia, and research to the circular economy, and discuss the four themes of governance and guidance, sustainable finance, sustainable processes, and business models. In addition, the "Green Chemistry and Poisonous Chemicals Management Industry Symposium" was held on November 27. Relevant key conclusions include the establishment of a link between the government and the industry to deepen the promotion of policies on poisoning reduction and management. Based on the aformentioned information for revelent references and ad hoc committee’s suggestions, the summeries are included: (1) to investigate the status of toxic chemical substance management around the world, including the declaration and management of toxic chemical substances system, legal basis, and regulatory framework; and to analyze and evaluate international assessment methods for promoting alternative chemicals; (2) to search the information platform on international green chemistry promotion, toxi substances assessment tools, and to propose a preliminary list of priority promotion of green chemistry and safe substitution; (3) to develop a list of domestic processes and recommendations for the promotion of alternative chemicals and a comprehensive evaluation flowchar for alternative chemicals.

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  • 資料發布日期:110-04-20
  • 資料更新日期:110-04-21
  • 資料檢視日期:111-08-12
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