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110年環境用藥品質檢測及管理計畫
2021 Quality Inspections and Management of Public Health Pesticide

  • 發布單位:毒物及化學物質局
110年環境用藥品質檢測及管理計畫
專案計畫編號110A016
經費年度2021
計畫經費 千元
專案日期2021-04-08 ~ 2021-12-31
專案主持人黃紹毅
主辦單位毒物及化學物質局
承辦人許智凱
執行單位國立中興大學
專案分類環境衛生
中文關鍵字環境用藥、劑型、規格、副成分
英文關鍵字Public health pesticide, Formulation types, Specifications, Additives
協同主持人何明勳;梁國汶
共同主持人
計畫聯絡人黃紹毅
中文摘要

本110年環境用藥品質檢測及管理計畫為延續性計畫.前107-本110 年環境用藥品質檢測及管理計畫為延續性計畫。前107-108 年環境用藥劑型分類及應用計畫(TCSB-107-EM04-02-027)已根據研析之相關資料,提出47 種環境用藥之劑型種類及定義建議。同時並檢視環境用藥輸入許可證,依據該計畫調和出之劑型定義,重新檢視其產品配方、外觀及使用方式,並提出建議劑型歸類方案。另外,該計畫亦進而提出 11 種環藥劑型之建議檢驗項目、檢驗方法及標準規格。並對此11 種劑型之市售產品進行抽驗分析做為未來規範訂定之參考。本計畫延續其研析結果,參考聯合國糧食與農業組織和世界衛生組織農藥標準聯席會議(FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Specifications, JMPS)、經濟合作暨發展組織(The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development(OECD))、作物永續發展協會(CROP LIFE)、澳洲(Australian Pesticidesand Veterinary Medicines Authority(APVMA))、國內農藥劑型定義及規範、中華人民共和國國家標準GBT 19378-2017 所公告之劑型定義以及現行國際規範,並研析日本相關劑型法規,持續更新劑型歸納及定義。同時,針對尚未研擬技術規範與試驗之劑型,持續進行試驗項目研析,並針對15張相關劑型之許可證擬定技術規範作業建議指引,本期計畫已針對市售商品共15 張許可證(蚊香卷、液體電蚊香劑、電蚊香劑、噴霧劑、水分散性油懸劑) 進行測試,發現蚊香卷目前並未明顯標示其可以燃燒之時間,與擬定之燃燒時間稍有差距。在耐熱試驗部分,目前有2 項蚊香卷產品不符合標準。液體電蚊香3 項產品則皆符合擬定之標準規格。3 項電蚊香劑中,有1 項產品未通過耐熱試驗,但全數通過蒸發率試驗。3 項噴霧劑則通過了內容物淨含量試驗以外的所有項目,而不合格之原因可能由於標示方法不符合建議方式,致使不合格。3 項水分散性油懸劑產品皆未通過分散安定性試驗。最後更進一步彙整國內外副成分管理法規,並初步擬定建議禁限用副成分的清單,並提供了可能的禁限用原因做為參考。

英文摘要

This “2021 Quality Inspections and Management of Public Health Pesticide project” is a continuous mission. During previous 2018-2019 Classification and Application of Formulation Types of Public Health Pesticide (TCSB-107-EM04- 02-027) project, we proposed 47 formulation types of public health pesticide with the international codes and definitions. Then, we re-evaluate the registered products with their appearance, formula, and usage to propose a new classification. Also, a proposal of specification items standards and methods for nominated 11 formulation types is implemented for the survey. This tried to make Taiwan's public health pesticide regulations gear to international standards. We analyze the 2018-2019 Classification and Application of Formulation Types of Public Health Pesticide, the public health pesticide regulations of FAO/WHO Joint Meeting on Pesticide Specification (JMPS), the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), CropLife, Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority (APVMA), Taiwan Agro-pesticides Management Act, and China GB/T 19378-2017 to summarize a complete formulation type document of public health pesticide. The 47 formulation types of public health pesticide are harmonizing with the international codes and definitions to propose. Untested formulation types of TCSB-107-EM04- 02-027 were selected to define the inspection items and specifications. Furthermore, we fix 15 public health pesticide products to the new formulation type and list the proper inspection items for them. We conducted trials for products of formulation mosquito coil and liquid vaporizer to make sure all the test methods and the standards of inspection requirement are available. All 3 mosquito coil products did not pass the burning-time test and without any label. Furthermore, 2 mosquito coil product did not pass the accelerated storage test. For liquid vaporizers, the 3 products met all standards and passed the inspection. For vaporizing mats, all 3 products passed evaporation rate, and 1 of the 3 product did not pass the accelerated storage test. For aerosol dispensers passed all the tests except the net capacity test. This may be caused by that the label does not meet the real content in it. For oil dispersions, all the 3 products did not pass the dispersion stability test. Finally, we collected domestic and foreign regulations about additives of public health pesticide. Then, a list for banned and restricted additives of public health pesticides was draft. In addition, a list to show the limitation reasons was also provided.

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  • 資料發布日期:111-04-26
  • 資料更新日期:111-04-26
  • 資料檢視日期:111-06-24
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